The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) received 99,412 private sector workplace discrimination charges during fiscal year 2012 (which runs from October 1 to September 30), down slightly from the previous year.
Retaliation, race, and sex discrimination (including allegations of sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination) were the most commonly filed charges. Termination was the most frequently-cited discriminatory action under all the laws the EEOC enforces, followed by “terms and conditions” of employment and then discipline.
Nondiscrimination Laws Enforced by EEOC
The laws enforced by the EEOC apply to employers who meet the threshold number of employees for coverage. For example:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act apply to employers who have at least 15 employees in 20 or more weeks of the calendar year.
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act applies to employers with 20 or more employees in 20 or more weeks of the calendar year.
- The Equal Pay Act does not require a minimum number of employees for an employer to be covered.